March 27, 2020

Go Filipino - 17. Let's Talk About Locations (Pronouns, Part 3)

A pseudo breakdown transcript of the podcast Go Filipino Lesson 17 by Kris Andres. For more information about Kris and his podcast check out his Patreon!

This episode brought to you today by the Tagalog word pagkakaisa.

pagkakaisa - Unity. The condition of having a singular or shared want or belief.

Locative Pronouns

This batch of pronouns replaces nouns or noun phrases introduced by the markers sa, kay, and kina. They are called locative pronouns and there are four ways to use them. In this lesson we're only going to tackle the singular personal pronouns.

Akin

akin - Me, or my - First person singular locative pronoun

  • Also indicates possession. Unlike ko, akin is placed before the noun.

The first function of akin is as a possession marker.

Aking Kuya - My older brother

  • aking - My
    • it consists of akin, plus the g linker to connect it to a noun. Much like how an adjective that ends with an n is added the g to connect it to a noun.
  • Kuya - Older Brother
    • It is most likely borrowed from another Chinese word which I won't even attempt to spell out, that meant 5th oldest brother.
  • Take note that possessions that begin with akin much like those that end with ko can become the focus of the sentence.
  • In this case we could've use the phrase Ang akin kuya or ang kuya ko

The second function of akin and the rest of the locative pronouns is to indicate location.

Nasa akin ang pitaka mo - Your wallet is with me

  • Nasa - An adverb that indicates where an object or person is located
  • akin - Me
    • Nasa akin means with me or within me
  • ang - Focus marker
  • pitaka - Wallet
  • mo - Your

The third function of akin and the rest of the locative pronouns is to indicate direction. A prepositional phrase that indicates movement towards or away from me is expressed by the phrase Sa akin.

ipakita mo sa akin ang pera - Show me the money

  • Ipakita - Show, in imperative form
  • mo - You, as a non focus actor
  • sa - Direction marker
  • akin - Me
  • ang - Focus marker
  • pera - Money

The fourth and final function of akin as well as other locative pronouns is to indicate the beneficiary of an action or the reason of an action. The beneficiary is usually expressed by the phrase para sa akin, which means "for me". While the reason is usually expressed as dahil sa akin, which means "because of me"

Nagluto ako para sa akin - I cooked for myself

  • Nagluto - Cooked
  • ako - I, the focus of the sentence the one who performed the act of cooking
  • para - For
  • sa - It is usually a direction marker, but since sa comes after para it becomes a beneficiary marker
  • akin - me

Iyo

iyo - The second person, singular locative pronoun. Which means you, or your, depending on the function.

Iyong kape - Your coffee

  • Iyong - Your
  • kape - coffee

Nasa iyong ang pag-ibig ko - My love is with you.

  • Nasa - An adverb that indicates where an object or person is located
  • iyo - You
  • ang - Focus Marker
  • pag-ibig - Love, fondness for
  • ko - My

Kabibigay ko sa iyo ng dyario - translate

  • Kabibigay - Just gave, or recently gave
    • bigay - Root Word - give
  • ko - I
  • sa - Direction Marker
  • iyo - you
  • ng - Object marker
  • diyaryo - newspaper

Lumakas ako ng dahil sa iyo - I became strong because of you.

  • lumakas - Became strong
  • ako - I
  • ng - Has many uses in the Tagalog language. In this scenario it introduces a past scenario before the verb. Which is the reason behind the action.
  • dahil - Because
  • sa - Direction marker
  • iyo - you

Kanya

kanya - Third person singular locative pronoun. It means his, or him, or her. Just like it's cousin pronoun, siya, kanya is gender neutral.

Kanyang kapatid - His/her sibling.

  • Kanyang - His/her
  • kapatid - Sibling, usually a younger brother or sister.

Nasa kanya ang bagahe mo - He/she has your luggage/You luggage is with him/her.

  • Nasa - An adverb that indicates where an object or person is located
  • kanya - He/she or him/her
  • ang - Focus marker
  • bagahe - luggage/baggage
  • mo - your

Binigay sa kanya ang premyo - The prize was given to him/her.

  • Binigay - Gave, the act of giving has happened
  • sa - Direction marker
  • kanya - him/her
  • ang - Focus marker
  • premyo - prize

Nagdasal ako para sa kanya - I prayed for him/her.

  • Nagdasal - Prayed, the act of praying has happened
  • ako - I
  • para - For
  • sa - Direction Marker
  • kanya - Him/her

Outro

Tagalog Proverb

Magbasa muna bago pumuna - Read before you critique. Don't jump to conclusions about other people before you get to know them first.